X rays are some of the most fascinating things which have still a lot of studies being practised on. With every day, a new discover a lot of unique aspects of x rays have come into the light. In this article, we will be discussing some of the things that you might not know.

X rays are created by radiation coming from electrons

 
X rays are nothing but a type of light which has a lot of atoms that emits packages of energy called the photons. These are something that makes up each and every kind of light. There are many x rays which can mainly be called the energetic photons which can allow one to emit the electrons even outside the nucleus.

X rays are used to look at tiny structures

As tiny structures have shorted wave-length of visible light as it measures somewhere around 400 nanometers. Soft x rays have wave-lengths around one nanometer, and hard X rays is just a friction of nanometer. These structures are generally impossible to see as they are smaller in wave length from which length the light is formed. Scientist uses the short wave length pulses, which allows one to analyse the atomic scale.

There is a big difference between soft and hard x rays

Soft x rays carry far less energy than is harder for X rays which is the reason for them to be easily absorbed by the air through mediums. The majority of soft X-ray photons which needs to be incorporated as they have travelled through a millionth of a meter. There are many doctors and scientists who use hard X rays to look at broken bones which can allow one to get the investigation in the atomic level properties of solid materials.

X rays were an accident discoveries

vacuum tubes

X rays were discovered by the physicist Wilhelm Roentgen who had been doing the experiments with the cathode rays where he used to stream electrons in vacuum tubes. He later noticed that the cardboard was also completely covered the tube. There was a glow which still appeared on a fluorescent screen several feet away. The earliest x-ray images of the bones were the hands of his wife.

X rays helped them discover the double-helical structure of DNA

James Watson and Francis Crick are credited with the discovery of the structure of the DNA which allowed them to have the right breakthrough without any possible crystallography performance by Rosalind Franklin. This involves crystallography involves shrinking from the surface of the crystals with X rays. Then they saw the scattered patterns which helped generate the right results. By working the mathematically backwards, scientists could reconstruct the structure of the small molecule which helped them form the intricate patterns.