X rays are the types of electromagnetic radiation which is well known for their ability to see through the body. The advancements in technology have resulted in a much more powerful and focused. The application has remained the same as there are more powerful and have focused X-ray beams(Must Watch) which need higher demands, especially from imaging the biological cells and structural components.
X-ray has roughly classified into soft X rays and hard X rays. Soft X rays have a shorter wave-length which is about 10 nanometers and have a range of the electromagnetic spectrum. The hard X rays have a wave-length of about 100 picometers. The waves can occupy the space with the EM spectrum, which is produced and can be accelerated with gamma rays by atomic nuclei.
History of X rays
Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen discovered x rays in the year 1895 in Germany. He started noticing that crystals near high voltage can allow you to exhibit a fluorescent glow which allowed him to understand the X radiation, which can be used to get the right kind of help allowed him to penetrate the soft tissues but not bone. This has allowed one to get the shadows done in photographic plates. This is one of the reasons that Roentgen was awarded as the very first Nobel Prize In Physics 1901.
Sources and effects
X rays can be produced by sending a very high energy beam of electrons smashing into an atom like the copper or gallium. When the laser hits the atoms, the electronics in the inner shell is called the s-shell which can sometimes get the flung out of their orbits. The atoms become very unstable and go back to the equilibrium. The main problem here s that the fluorescence that goes in all directions.
They are directional and not focusable, which is very easy to make as a better source for an X-ray. The synchronised electrons can be pushed near the speed of light and give enormous amounts of energy and light. There are many radiations which can be considered a nuisance as they lose energy particles. Later, these were considered as the exceptional properties which led to the advancements in X rays tubes.
As the electrons move at the speed of the light, there are many lights which were focused in the forward direction. This is one way to ensure that they have the right colour of light x rays which has a lot to do with the placements of the stored electrons which emits in a forward direction. This is one of the basics which lead to the pushing of betting the concept of x rays.